We Did it Again (Take that you pessimists)
Wood is an excellent building material. It is easy to manipulate, a good insulator and wood is completely renewable as well as biodegradable. It is more environmentally benign than competing materials like concrete or steel in its full lifecycle and wood is always at least carbon neutral & actually removes CO2 from the air. But wood has suffered from a big weakness; it was not strong enough to build tall structures. Until now.
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) can transform the way in which wood is used. CLT can be used to replace pre-fabricated concrete panels or even steel in building. The Australians are currently building a ten story wood apartment building in Melbourne using CLT and experts believe that building as high as fifteen stories should be possible in the near future. This makes wood a suitable building material in all but the tallest buildings and goes a long way toward a sustainable future. But there is more.
A really exciting new development is nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). You may not have heard of this before because technologies needed to understand it, such as electron scanning microscopes, were unavailable until recently. Experts quoted in the link above think that NCC will replace metal and plastic in many applications and could make nonorganic plastics obsolete in the not-too-distant future and the U.S. National Science Foundation predicts will become a $600 billion industry by 2020.
NCC has mechanical properties comparable to stainless steel or Kevlar and has a strength to weight ratio eight times better than steel. "It is the natural, renewable version of a carbon nanotube at a fraction of the price," according to Jeff Youngblood of Purdue University's NanoForestry Institute in West Lafayette, Indiana.
So the future for wood is bright, which has wonderful consequences for the environment and for America. The U.S. can produce all the wood fiber it needs in completely sustainable and often environmentally positive ways.
The world develops in unexpected ways. We often fear the future because it is unknown. We project our current problems forward and they seem unsolvable. The variables we too often leave out of the equation are human innovation, imagination and intelligence. Our resources are not fixed. They grow larger based on our abilities to use them. I wrote not long ago about the boom in shale oil that has vaulted the U.S. into world leadership in reduction of CO2.
This was predicted by nobody even five or ten years ago. In fact, had you mentioned such a possibility back in 2002 you would have been called all sorts of names, none of them synonyms for honest or intelligent. We are looking at a better than expected future. A related development is the shift of the energy center of gravity from those unstable regions of the Middle East to the Americas and maybe the Atlantic parts of Africa.
Those pessimists who project our problems forward and fear we will never solve them are right. Generally speaking, history shows that we almost never SOLVE problems; we transcend them.
As we replace non-renewable or environmentally unfriendly materials with those sourced in something as abundant and renewable as wood, we are fulfilling the impossible dreams of a previous generation of environmentalists and we are doing while increasing our country's wealth and prosperity. I am fond of the future since I plan to live there for the rest of my life. It looks like it will be much better than the places I used to live.
Posted by Christine & John at September 1, 2012 8:16 PM
wood is always at least carbon neutral & actually removes CO2 from the air.
“Trees cause more pollution than automobiles do.” - Ronald Reagan.
Guess that makes you RINO’s now, doesn’t it? How dare you contradict our Lord and Savior?
And if there’s one thing Romney has made clear during this campaign, it’s that he only likes trees that are the right size. So If you want him to support you on this, you’re going to have to find a way to control tree growth. ;-)
Thank you for the simple-minded view. It is instructive to be reminded that a large number of people really cannot understand what I write and that there is a throw away factor of trying to be serious with frivolous people. But I have more pearl to cast.
Can’t you guys ever just be thankful for good things. Is it always necessary to attack using gaffs that are a quarter century old? Or ones that are irrelevant.
Reagan was a great president in most ways. Even the greatest of us has weaknesses or blind spots. I don’t expect to agree with anyone always and everywhere. In any case, conditions have changed quite a bit, as I point out and in what I thought was a simple enough way for most people to grasp.
Re Romney - it is a light hearted statement. I know what he is talking about, however. As anyone who has traveled and observed nature knows, forest composition and tree size varies by location. The woods I grew up with are different from others, even those nearby. When I go back to the places I grew up, the forests are more familiar. One reason is that the trees are the “right” size, i.e. they look like the ones I grew with knowing.
Thanks C&J for an informative post. I haven’t heard about the newer uses of wood. It sounds like a wonderful situation where everyone wins.
I don’t know what problems might be involved in the processing of these super wood products, but I would guess they aren’t as severe as making steel or carbon fiber.
Yesterday’s solutions are today’s problems, so I suppose there will be problems with these things too. But things generally are getting better and these new technologies are going in the right direction.
They look like interesting building materials, but all materials have tradeoffs, so keep that in mind. Also keep in mind that steel and concrete are based on materials that are plentifully sourced, and can build skyscrapers much taller.
Additionally, there’s a question of how much material would be available, and how much the market would be willing to give up for this scale of building. There are cellulose rich plants other than trees that could be grown for such a purpose and which would have a faster turnover than trees.
As for the rest? I’d much prefer to take a slightly more pessimistic than not position on any new technology, because there are always catches, always limitations, and always costs involved. At the same time, we must invest and we should invest in green technology, because you have through all the mistakes and dead ends in order to find the profitable route. Most successes worth mentioning require trail and error, effort and perseverance.
One last thing: Never try to justify a certain technological attitude on revolutionary science grounds, because the inherent purposes of science is to test and verify such claims, because we don’t know the truth before hand. The results you get from experiment and observation are not completely knowable in advance, and that’s the point of science: You combine logic and empirical observation to determine the truth, when you can’t know everything beforehand.
Or put another way, science and engineering are disciplines that require hard work and a willingness to go beyond personal beliefs to recognize realities, which while not ideal, may carry with them greater bounties of usefulness and knowledge than the alternative.
I agree. As I often say, yesterday solutions are today’s problems. I wrote that right above.
But this looks very promising.
The problem with concrete and steel is involved in their manufacturing and disposal. Concrete production add as much as 5% of the total CO2 emissions in the world.
BTW concrete is a great material too. I am not saying we should abandon it. The is a very interesting book called “Concrete Planet” that you may want to read.
I am also not advocating making decisions in advance. We now have a greater range of options, but I believe in the market, so I believe in experimentation, lots of choices, prototypes and change and I dislike top-down all inclusive decisions.
“Reagan was a great president in most ways. Even the greatest of us has weaknesses or blind spots.”
Reagan was a great president in “some” ways. In others he was the worst thing that ever happened in this country.
RE: shale oil - It has been used since prehistoric times, and because the price of oil dropped precipitously in the early ’80s Exxon abandoned a $5 billion project to extract it in Colorado so this isn’t anything really new. Curiously, Estonia is the only country that uses oil shale nearly exclusively to generate power.
RE: Laminated wood beams- This also has been used for quite some time albeit not on a skyscraper scale. The first recorded use of laminated wooden beams is in the 1860s in England.
The interesting thing about this is even though it is a sustainable resource, it remains a short term solution for a long term problem.
RE: Forests - You know as well as I there is a vast difference between a forest and a tree plantation.
Reagan’s comments ie; “A tree is a tree. How many more do you have to look at?” displays an ignorance and closed-mindedness that still pervades the far right.
There is very little that is really “new” in this world. The wood products have gotten much better in recent years and the nanoproducts are in process of creating a revolution in materials.
Re sustainable forestry - I don’t understand how this is a short term solution. We can produce these sorts of raw materials pretty much forever. Better yet, they have the collateral benefit of helping clean water, disposal for sewage, wildlife habitat and recreation.
If you are talking about shale gas - this is a medium term solution. It is a great gift to us. In the long term, we will indeed develop alternatives that do not use fossil fuels, but this is as good as it gets now.
In future, we will have a lot more opportunities, in any case. The solar panels etc we are using now will be a lot like stone tools in comparison to what we will be able to make in a generation. When the solution comes, as the one above, it will surprise the so-called experts, but will just be part of the game.
Re Reagan - I diverged with his opinions on environment. But I recognize that his was an older generation. Their task was to conquer the hostile environment and tame it. We faced different challenges and learned from their mistakes, as the future will from ours. Were we to build the Hoover Dam today, we would do things a lot differently, but we can still respect the attitudes and methods that built these things.
Beyond that, we need to respect nature and work with forests, but it is true that trees are 100% renewable and we should cut some all the time.
How well I remember this poem from by college days at UW-Stevens Point in the College of Natural Resources.
Joyce Kilmer. 1886–1918
I THINK that I shall never see
A poem lovely as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
Against the sweet earth’s flowing breast;
A tree that looks at God all day, 5
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may in summer wear
A nest of robins in her hair;
Upon whose bosom snow has lain;
Who intimately lives with rain. 10
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.
Sadly, I lost about 30 trees last year due to drought and disease on my little ranch in East Texas. However, they keep on giving as they have been turned into firewood and will heat someone’s home for years to come.
“But I recognize that his was an older generation. Their task was to conquer the hostile environment and tame it.”
An even older generation, Teddy Roosevelt, and John Muir for instance, believed much differently than Reagan.
America hasn’t been a frontier to be conquered for more than a century.
RE: Sustainability - Blue wood isn’t going to be in abundance every year. Drought causes stress to the trees, and allows the beetles to take hold. Some decades will be better (or worse) than others.
We can grow as much wood as anybody reasonably needs. There are lots of improvements in this area too. In Virginia we can grow a pine tree to maturity in 30 years. A couple generations ago the sames species took 70 and the trees were crooked and much more susceptible to disease. We also get two thinning in those 30 years that can produce those wood products. Our friends in Brazil can produce eucalyptus in six years. There are some weaknesses, but it makes good fiber. Furnishing enough wood will be no problem at all.
Re Reagan - As I said, I didn’t agree with all his policies. I recognize that even admirable people can be seriously wrong in some things.
Reagan helped bring American back, improved the economy, restored faith in our country and generally did well for eight years. His attitude toward trees caused no lasting damage, probably no real damage at all. Our forests are in better shape today than they were on the day Reagan took office, so no big deal.
Re Teddy Roosevelt & John Muir - I have always liked them, although they are very different. Roosevelt’s brand of conservation is very close to what I believe. He understood that you have to kill some animals and cut some trees to create sustainability. Muir was mostly a poet in how he viewed nature. The real hero of the early part of the century is Gifford Pinchot.
“The real hero of the early part of the century is Gifford Pinchot.”
And he was followed by one of the true villains, William Greeley, who decided that Satan was at work in forest fires, and ordered firefighting to “save the forests” at all costs so that the lumber industry could clear cut the trees.
During a trip to Idaho a few years back I was able to see for myself what a forest recovering from a clear cut looked like. The trees were pretty much all the same size, there was little diversity, and even though we were miles from any habitation there was no wildlife to be seen.
And this clear cut was nearly 80 years ago.
Ignorance solves nothing Jack.
Clear cutting is a legitimate management strategy for some species. You cannot get regeneration of most pines without a clear cut or a really big fire, for example.
We are learning all the time. We no longer exclude fire. One of the other legacies we are now struggling with is environmentalism. Back in the 1970s, there was a poorer understanding of forest dynamics. We tried to “protect” areas that needed to change and sometimes be managed.
The American landscape is dynamic. Indians started lots of fires and as a result of their activities there were fewer trees. When European diseases thinned out the Indians, trees grew back. European settlers showed up a few decades later and found these robust forests and thought that was how it had always been. But it was merely a stage that was not sustainable.
The eighty year old clear cut you saw was probably poorly managed. In Arizona, there is a problem of the legacy of cutting and grazing. When the trees fill in, they come back to thick, setting up the whole thing for fire that destroy to much. That clearcut should have been thinned at least twice, maybe three times to let in light. Wildlife would thrive. BTW - a clearcut two or three years out is one of the richest wildlife habitats available.
Thick forests usually are NOT the home of much wildlife. Wildlife thrives on the edges of communities. I cannot speak to the forest you visited. In Virginia, we maintain wildlife corridors and stream management zones that are literally jumping with wildlife.
Not a quail or ‘Bob White’ to be found in Rappahannock Co. Pine beetles have killed off a lot of big pine trees. And, globalism got the Chestnuts way back when.
Rappahannock County has not had a particular problem with pine beetles. You have problems with your white pines mostly rust. Pine beetles are native anyway. They can be controlled with good management.
Quail can be restored. Ironically, the quail suffered from too much forest growth. Quail do very well in disturbed places. A clear cut plus two years is excellent quail habitat. My farms are in Brunswick Co. We used to have a lot more quail on one tract when it was more recently cut over. Creating good quail habitat is simple but maybe not easy. You have to clear and burn. Rappahannock is getting lots of urban people who dislike both those things, but wonder why they don’t have quail.
I have never actually done work in Rappahannock, but I have visited tree farms in Rockingham and Frederick and there is plenty of wildlife there.
It could have been much worse. An Coach Factory Outlet examination of the sabotage revealed why government officials Louis Vuitton Belts and computer experts found the attack disturbing.Aramco’s oil production Coach Factory Outlet operations are segregated from the company’s internal communications Gucci Belts network. Once executives were assured that only the internal communications network had Coach Factory Outlet been hit and that not a drop of oil had been spilled, they set to work Coach Factory Outlet replacing the hard drives of tens of thousands of its PCs and tracking Coach Factory Online down the parties responsible, according to two people close to the Coach Outlet Online investigation but who were not authorized to speak publicly about it.Aramco Coach Outlet Online flew in roughly a dozen American computer security experts. By Coach Online Outlet the time those specialists arrived, they already had a good handle on the Coach Factory Outlet Online virus. Within hours of the attack, researchers at Coach Outlet Online Symantec, a Silicon Valley security company, began analyzing a sample of Coach Outlet Online the virus.That virus called Shamoon after a word embedded in its code Coach Factory Outlet was designed to do two things: replace the data on hard drives with Hermes Belts an image of a burning American flag and report the addresses of infected computers Coach Outlet Online a bragging list of sorts back to a computer inside the company’s Coach Factory Online network.Shamoon’s code included a so-called kill switch, a timer Coach Factory Outlet set to attack at 11:08 a.m., the exact time that Aramco’s computers Hermes Belts were wiped of memory. Shamoon’s creators even gave the erasing mechanism a Coach Factory Online name: Wiper.Last May, researchers discovered that Flame had been siphoning data from computers, mainly in Iran, for several years.
What, then, are the characteristics that make an MSA likely to spawn successful neologisms? It’s well established that Coach Outlet Twitter has a higher rate of adoption among African Americans than other ethnic groups, and so it perhaps isn’t Coach Outlet surprising that they now find that innovation centres, as well as being highly populated, have a higher proportion of Coach Outlet African Americans, and that similarity of racial demographic can make two urban centres more likely to be linked Coach Outlet in the influence network. There is a long history of adoption of African American slang (cool, dig, rip off) in mainstream Coach Outlet Online US culture, so these findings agree with what we might expect.Not only has he been sacked, but he now risks losing his Coach Factory Online home as well, situated almost next door to his former workplace, the Papal apartments on the top floor of the Coach Outlet Online Apostolic Palace.The Gendarmerie explained that this was done to prevent Gabriele from harming himself, Coach Outlet and that he himself had asked for the light to be left on at night and was given a sleeping mask.
Payday loans are very short term loans associated Louis Vuitton with usually 1 or 2 many days. Or even qualified to advantageous the pay day for the stipulated time, you could have the chance to rotate it out. Why are pay day loans wanted? Payday advance orLouis Vuitton UK a lawsuit advance may very well be required all typically the month for assembly urgent expenses for instance medical fees, power bills, phone bills, household rent, many other utility bills or any type of otherLouis Vuitton Outlet
unforeseen expenditure. During these cases, fast cash advance or perhaps a loan is typically a possibility beyond a painful financial situation. Occasionally it usually is wise to obtain pay day loans to obtain out from a tight financial UGG UK predicament. Many of the occasions in which it usually is aware of get your self cash advance are middot. The cost on the bounced examine may total more than the cost of picking a salaryday. While not making the paymentUGG Boots could reflect on your credit history. info as well as a personal cheque. You’ve got to be satisfied that you happen to be getting a pay day or lawsuit advance for the best causes. Truly the only major punishment of a pay day loans or money advance is the fee needed, which may look to become trivial amount but could possibly UGG Sale mean a tremendous sum if you happen to took it all with a long-term standpoint. The values ??for payday advances of some several weeks are very reduced but if you act like you can not are worth it the money by the due date, you will need to shell out very steep fees, that could be very hard to carry. Studies have shown the number of individuals currently taking payday loans or even a loan as well as the amount of companies supplying payday loans are actually growing. In case you are considering applying for online payday advance, just apply for a person loan at the same time. At the time completed, mt4 forwarded to the online payday advance merchant for analysis. The number of the exact approved cash advance depends on several criteria, usually per month income, primary deposit, length at residence and even job, accessibility to bank statements and paycheck slip, volume of excellent NSF’s and other payday loans online. Tend to be given larger loan quantities than brand new candidates.
アディダスで2009年と2010年間の低迷成長の勢いは、確かに大量にドラッグ在庫。在庫一掃のためにタイムリーに、アクティブにキャッシュフロー、ディーラーらに製品を大きく割引をしただけでなく、移動アディダスのハイエンドブランドイメージ、そして、多くの損失をもたらし、店舗の状態、「双負け」局面、会社とディーラー関係緊張度。在庫になった解消危機全公司の共同任務が、主に変動者は、元々はアディダスヨーロッパ仕事、2007年にアディダス大中華圏の博済勇。この名法国籍マネージャーは在庫問題の最も深い2009年ごとの家を訪ねてみディーラー、図解開関係の真結び。いくつかの表層問題がすぐに見つかり、例えば、古い在庫出清ないからこそ、ディーラーたくない購入新品、こうして、販売末端ブースト力不足、オーバースットク、jp-glassses.com 悪循環を形成。安売り見た目は唯一の道が、 博済勇希望実施てすべてより整然としている。彼が設立されたEPR制度、厳しく定めにじっとしているだけ30日後、製品が8がけで売る。90日後、割引に変えることができる7折れ。もしどうしても出清できない、アディダスはこれらの製品を買ってきて、自分の工場の割引の店の販売。事実上、危機に見舞われて困っているナイキ期間も在庫は、開工場の割引の店の形式で消化在庫。そのため、アディダスも多くの工場の割引の店をオープンして、既存の総数48家。もっと重要なのは一挙に、博済勇ヨーロッパ市場導入からかつて彼は多くの利益を得る方法：会社内で売る商品、ディーラーと呼ばれる「Sell-in」で、ディーラーが小売店の担当で、真に売却されるお客様の品には、定義は「Sell-through」。スポーツ用品業界、ディーラーの注文や製品発売の時間差8前後から9ヶ月、この会をディーラーに間違って市場の見通しのリスク評価。過去には、すべてのブランド「商都Sell-in」の販売の任務の完成が宣告大吉、一体どれだけの「売れてSell-through」やシリーズ全ディーラーから滞货リスクを引き受ける。